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Sheikhpura District in Census 2011
Area, Population & Sex Ratio

Geographical Area : 689.0 Km2
Population in Sheikhpura (Census 2011)
Total Population
Total : 634,927
Male : 329,593
Female : 305,334

Under 6 population
Total : 118,228
Male : 60,952
Female : 57,276

Disabled Population (Census 2001)
Total disabled population : 11171
In seeing : 5598
In speech : 741
In hearing : 425
In movement : 3432
Mental : 975

Voice of Sheikhpura NGO

Social, Environmental & Economic Sustainability
Our analysis of the rank of the district
Backwardness : 205
Sex Ratio Rank : 203
(Rank one is least sex ratio - Cenus 2001)
HIV Category District : D
(HIV Sentinel Surveillance 2004 - 2006)
Disability : 506 (Census 2001)
Literacy Ratio : 518 (Census 2001)
Minority : Does not figure in MCD

Challenges of the district : Our research with local communities
Sheikhpura is a very remote and backward district
We face frequent load shedding.
Sheikhpura offers very poor quality of education. Women literacy is very low.
Women are not very forthcoming. They are neither independent nor empowered.
Government should encourage women to come out of their shell and become self sufficient.
Being a hilly region the water supply is poor leading to water shortage.

Brief About Sheikhpura District
Population : 393283
Rural : 328706
Urban : 64577

Historical Background
Though there is no authentic history of Sheikhpura scripted in any book or records but according to knowledge collected from various sources history of Sheikhpura dates back to the age of Mahabharata. It is believed that in the Mahabharata age a demon girl Hidimba lived on the hillocks situated on its Eastern stretch with whom one Pandava brother Bhima married and gave birth to a heroic son ‘Ghatotkach’. Later on this hill was called ‘Girihinda’ after the name of Hindimba or Hidimba. Girihinda village is still situated over there.

According to one belief about six hundred years ago a great suphie saint ‘Hazarat Makhdum Shah Shoeb Rahamatullah Aleh’ had founded the city of Sheikhpura. He settled over here and the dense forests were cleaned and people started settling over here. Later on it became densely populated.

During the Pallava reign also Sheikhpura was one of the chief administrative centres. It is believed that the famous Afghan ruler Sher Shah Suri had got the famous ‘Dal Kuan’ constructed over here. Till now ‘Dal Kuan’ and Sheikhpura is believed to be synonymous with each other.

During the mughal period, Sheikhpura got the status of Thana. In the British period Sheikhpura was accorded the status of Big Kotwali and after independence it was given the status of Block. On 14th April 1983 Sheikhpura became a Subdivision and on 31st July 1994 it was upgraded to District status.

Geographical Profile

Location :
Sheikhpura is a new district carved out of Munger district on 31-07-1994. District Head Quarter Sheikhpura is situated at North side of Gaya-Kuel Rail line. This district lies in the southern part of Bihar that is bounded by Nalanda & Patna district in North, Nawada & Jamui district in South, Lakhisarai district in East and Nalanda & Nawada district in West. The district spanning in 77705 hectares is situated between North latitudes 24º45’ and 25º and East longitude 85º45’ and 86º45’.

Topography :
Topographically district has two types of region – the rocky highland formed by hilly portion in centre, surrounded by fertile land in North, South, East and West. The land is sloping towards North Eastern side. Because of the low lying area in some parts of the North Eastern side, the water gets accumulated during rainy season leading to water-logged conditions. This area is geographically known as Tal area.

Climate:
The district has hot summers & moderate winters. Summers start from middle of March and lasts till July. The monsoon usually breaks in the second half of June and lasts till September.
Annual Rainfall Stastistics :
District - 1207mm
Block :
Ariari - 943mm
Barbigha - 1052mm
Sheikhpura - 930mm


Soil:
The district has rich alluvial soil composed of sand, silt and clay in most parts of district. The soil is most fertile and suitable for agriculture. The alkaline and saline deposits are rarely found.

Rivers:
There are no big rivers of perennial nature worth to be mentioned in this district. Of course there are some small rivers which flow during rainy season viz Somi, Korihari, Tati, Kachchi & Rijown.

 

 

 
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